For those who haven’t delved into the legal realm, the process of starting a criminal case may seem unfamiliar. To shed light on this matter, let’s take a closer look at how authorities initiate criminal cases.

The journey begins with police officers preparing an arrest report that encompasses all pertinent details about the crime and the defendant. These documents are then forwarded to lawyers and prosecutors, who evaluate the situation and determine which charges should be filed against the defendant.

In some instances, cases proceed directly to a preliminary hearing. During this stage, a judge reviews the evidence and decides whether ton this page is sufficient basis to proceed with the legal process. Alternatively, a grand jury may grant approval for a criminal indictment, which initiates further proceedings.


Suppose an individual is arrested for engaging in illicit activities involving illegal investments. The arresting officer compiles an arrest report containing information vital to expediting the case. This report is then handed over to the prosecutor, along with key details such as the location, witness names, and the date and time of the crime.

At this juncture, three possible outcomes exist for the case. The first possibility involves directly filing a complaint against the defendant, which leads to further legal proceedings. The second option, as previously mentioned, entails referral to a grand jury. The final outcome may involve the dismissal of the case.

The arrest report outlines the grounds for the arrest to both the prosecutor and the defense lawyers. The report also suggests potential charges that the arresting officer deems appropriate for the situation. However, the prosecutor has the final say regarding the charges to be filed against the defendant.


Once the prosecutor receives the case and determines sufficient grounds for a felony complaint, the defendant is entitled to a preliminary hearing. However, if the defense lawyers opt to present the case to a grand jury, a preliminary hearing may not be necessary.


For criminal offenses classified as felonies, the majority of cases are referred to a grand jury. These grand juries typically consist of randomly selected individuals who review the evidence presented by the lawyers. Their task is to determine whether the evidence is substantial enough to warrant formal charges against the defendant.


If you are unfamiliar with the distinctions between these types of juries, consulting nearby lawyers for a more detailed explanation would be beneficial. Nevertheless, for convenience, we provide significant details about each type.

Petit jurors focus on a single case during their service, while grand jurors handle multiple cases and typically commit to a period of six months or more. Additionally, petit jurors have the authority to decide whether the defendant is guilty or not. In contrast, grand jurors solely assess the evidence presented by lawyers and determine whether it is sufficient to proceed with a trial.


Prosecutors who refer a case to a grand jury are obligated to present all relevant evidence that can support the case’s progression to the next stage. These proceedings, including witness statements, typically occur without the presence of the defendant’s lawyer. However, the defense is entitled to request a transcript of the entire proceeding.

If the grand jury decides not to proceed with the case, it does not automatically result in the defendant and their lawyer being set cheap. Depending on the jurisdiction, the prosecutor may return to the same grand jury with more compelling evidence or bypass the process altogether and proceed with filing a criminal complaint.

By gaining insight into the initiation of criminal cases, individuals can better understand the intricate legal procedures involved.